SIX TYPES OF EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT ON THE MARKET

There are six main kinds of earth moving equipment on the market and it helps to be clear on the features and purpose of each so you can make the best choice when it comes to using heavy machinery.

1. Excavators

Excavators can be utilised over wheels or treads and are used most often to shovel dirt or lift heavy pieces of machinery. They are usually obvious on account of their long bucket arm attached to a cab which pivots. Excavators are operated by a worker who, in the cab, has high visibility over the work area

2. Backhoe Loaders

Backhoe loaders are mounted on tires and can be used in suburban areas. They share many similarities with tractors. The main difference is they contain a shovel at the front which can be adjusted and a bucket at the rear which is used to dig. Backhoe loaders are usually the best choice for smaller jobs which need to be completed in a more restrained space. Backhoe loaders shift dirt, shovel trenches and position pipes into place.

3. Bulldozers

Generally bulldozers are believed to be the most heavy-duty machines on the market. Bulldozers are incredibly strong and the best choice for shifting large amounts of dirt on sites where there are wide open spaces, rough grading, and grinding rock. Bulldozers are easily identified by the huge blade at the front of the equipment that is controlled with the use of hydraulic pistons.

4. Skid Steer Loaders

Skid steer loaders can be used for the widest range of purposes of all heavy earth moving machinery. It’s also equipment which is very easy to use and being on wheels, with a tight turning range, is the best choice for smaller sites. Skid steel loaders help lower soil compaction, work well in difficult conditions such as snow/mud, and have a limited impact on finished zones because of their tread system.

Image sourced from deere.com

5. Motor Graders

Most often employed to fine grade and shift small amounts of dirt and prepare the base before laying asphalt, motor graders are identified by their longer adjustable blade used to make surfaces smoother. They also feature an additional blade so they can be used for mining underneath the ground.

6. Trenchers

Trenchers are mostly used to dig trenches before pipes are laid down. A range of different trencher machines are available including walk-behind modules, smaller-sized trenchers or heavier equipment used to trench firmer ground. Trenchers are highly versatile in that they utilise alternating digging functions according to the needs of the job. They should be dealt with by experienced construction professionals because they can be very dangerous.
For more information about earth moving equipment, contact Resolute Equipment. We’re a national supplier of equipment and parts to the Mining and Construction industries and stock brands such as CAT, Komatsu and Hitachi.